A dynamic safety concept has been implemented in the Industrie 4.0 demo production plant of the SmartFactoryKL consortium on the basis of an industrial, Ethernet-based communications protocol. This new feature allows for an emergency stop function to be implemented flexibly for the first time at the individual production cells, eliminating the need to parameterize the entire system. This newly won flexibility provides several advantages. The advanced Industrie 4.0 demo plant will be presented by the Technologie-Initiative SmartFactory KL e.V. in cooperation with the German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI) and 18 partner companies at the Hannover Messe from April 24 to 28, 2017, in Hall 8, Booth D 20.
This year, the SmartFactoryKL partner network is introducing an expanded demonstration production plant system with a new layout: The modules are no longer set up in one line, but instead spread out over three manufacturing cells: two automated cells and one manual work station. Thanks to the flexible transport system, different paths can be taken to produce the demo product, in this case, a customized business card holder.
The flexible plant setup creates new possibilities for a modular, dynamic safety concept. The arrangement of the production cells with minimum physical separation results in several independent emergency stop domains. If one cell switches to a safe state, the rest of the system can continue production. The effect is a significant reduction in production delays and thus a big advantage in real operations.
Industrial, Ethernet-based communications protocol
Seven companies in the SmartFactoryKL network have developed the new safety concept using an industrial, Ethernet-based communications protocol. This involved the integration of a central safety control unit built into the server track; also, all system components are equipped with small I/O units which exchange signals about the functional safety of the production modules.
The modules or manufacturing cells are parameterized dynamically by means of the communications protocol, so that while some system components fail in the event of an emergency stop, the entire system is not brought to a standstill. “Thanks to this setup, valuable time is saved in production operations. Our partner network is presenting an intelligent solution to a real problem in manufacturing and has implemented it successfully in our demo system,” Professor Dr. Detlef Zühlke, Chairman of the Board of Technologie-Initiative SmartFactory KL e.V. and Director of the Research Department “Innovative Factory Systems” at the German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence, explains.
Greater flexibility thanks to modular certification
In terms of Industrie 4.0, increased manufacturing flexibility means that systems often have to be rearranged, and that calls for re-certification. Thanks to the dynamic safety system, the new certification procedure by independent accreditation authorities is made simpler. Such a system enables a simplified, partially or fully automated certification procedure whenever systems are extended or modified.
In the past, all production modules of the demonstrator were connected in one single emergency stop loop. The conventional wiring method leads to high cabling expense whenever new production cells are added. In addition, it severely limits the amount of transferable data and it is rather difficult to identify the cause of an emergency stop event. Thanks to the new, dynamic safety design, these disadvantages are eliminated.
Partners in SmartFactoryKL Industrie 4.0 network: Belden/Hirschmann, Bosch Rexroth, CISCO, EPLAN Software & Service, Festo, HARTING, IBM, iTAC, LAPP KABEL, Mettler Toledo, MiniTec, PHOENIX CONTACT, Pilz, proALPHA, TE Connectivity, TÜV SÜD, Weidmüller, and Wibu-Systems.
About the Technologie-Initiative SmartFactory KL e.V.:
The Technologie-Initiative SmartFactory KL e.V., founded in 2005 as a non-profit association, is an Industrie 4.0 network of industrial and research partners who jointly carry out projects regarding the factory of the future. SmartFactoryKL is a manufacturer-independent demonstration and research platform which is unique in the world. Here, innovative information and communications technologies and their application are tested and developed in a realistic, industrial production environment. The technology initiative, supported by the active participation of its members, has already established pragmatic solutions, first products and common standards. SmartFactoryKL intensively cooperates with the German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI) in Kaiserslautern and was appointed Mittelstand 4.0-Kompetenzzentrum Kaiserslautern (SME 4.0 Competence Center) by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy in 2016. www.smartfactory.de
About the German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI):
The German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence, with sites in Kaiserslautern, Saarbrücken, Bremen (with an associated branch in Osnabrück) and a project office in Berlin, is the leading German research institute in the field of innovative software technology. In the international scientific community, DFKI ranks among the most recognized “Centers of Excellence” and currently is the biggest research center worldwide in the area of Artificial Intelligence and its application in terms of number of employees and the volume of external funds. The financial budget in 2015 was 42.5 million Euro. DFKI projects cover the whole spectrum from application-oriented basic research to market- and client-oriented design of product functions. Currently more than 478 employees from 60 countries are conducting research focusing on Knowledge Management, Cyber-Physical Systems, Multilingual Technologies, Plan-Based Robot Control, Educational Technology Lab, Interactive Textiles, Robotics Innovation Center, Innovative Retail Laboratory, Institute for Information Systems, Embedded Intelligence, Smart Service Engineering, Intelligent Analytics for Massive Data, Intelligent Networks, Agents and Simulated Reality, Augmented Vision, Language Technology, Intelligent User interfaces, Innovative Factory Systems. Impact: more than 98 professorships of former DFKI employees, and 70 spin-off companies with approximately 2,500 highly qualified jobs.