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Product Title: Chapter 56- Management Theory and Practice (eChapter from Fundamentals of Manufacturing Supplement)

Updated from Personify: 2014-11-06

Personify Product Code: BK05PUB2_E_CH-56

Personify Product ID:       116007

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Editor:  Philip D Rufe


Published By: SME

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Published Date: 2005-04-01

Page Count: 24

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Product Type:   EBOOKCHAPTER


ISBN: 978-1-62104-004-0   


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The discussion in the following section focuses on various organizational structures and their respective advantages and disadvantages. There are two traditional theories of supervision know as Theory X and Theory Y. Supervisors typically prescribe to one or the other, or Theory Y, a combination of the two. Leadership is the ability to influence others toward the achievement of goals. An essential element of leadership is determination of the forces that cause people to act in the ways they do. If what causes action is known, then perhaps the leader can utilize these forces for the benefit of the organization. Motivation is defined simply as the force, the cause, the internal reason why people act in a certain way. Often, jobs are designed to meet the needs of the machinery, without regard for the humans who must do the work. In fact, the quality of the human-machine interface, both physical and psychological, can make a critical difference in the productivity of a plant. Project management is comprised of many different aspects such as planning, budgeting, controlling, analyzing, and managing people and teams. Strategic planning is a methodology that defines the mission and objectives of an organization in the long term. In the United States, intellectual property is protected by patents, licenses, copyrights, trademarks, and in industry as trade secrets. There are several types of liability including negligence, breach of warranty, and strict liability.


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