Ahmad K Elshennawy, George F Schrader
The operations discussed in this chapter include shearing, bending, drawing, and stretching , and squeezing. Presses are the machines that perform metal forming operations. The following shearing and forming operations are discussed in this section: principles of metal shearing, punch and die bending, tube and structural shape bending, cold-roll forming, die drawing, hydrostatic forming, metal spinning, ultrasonic forming, cold heading, swaging, sizing, coining, staking, stitching, and high-energy-rate forming. Press tools and accessories are considered.
By Gary Conner
By George N Bullen FSME